Gold Buying Guide: Different Types of Gold

Gold has an extraordinary heritage with unique qualities. As an enduring element found naturally in a distinct yellow color, gold is res...

 Gold Jewellery
Gold has an extraordinary heritage with unique qualities. As an enduring element found naturally in a distinct yellow color, gold is resistant to rust, tarnish, and corrosion. Although gold is very strong, it's also the most malleable of all precious metals.

Purity
Pure gold is too soft for everyday wear, so it is alloyed with a mixture of metals like silver, copper, nickel, and zinc to give it strength and durability. Karatage, denoted by a number followed by "k" indicates purity, or how much of the metal in a piece of jewelry is gold. Karatage is expressed in 24ths, making 24k gold, 100% gold.
We craft our jewelry using both 18k and 14k gold. 18k gold is composed of 75% gold, which is alloyed with other metals to make it strong enough for everyday wear. 14k gold is composed of 58.3% gold and 41.7% of other metals.

Color
The color of gold is determined by two factors:
The type of metal alloys included
The percentage of each metal alloy

Colored Gold: Gold can take different colors depending on the metals it is mixed with. The different gold hues are generally for the purpose of jewelry. To give you a quick idea here are some different types of gold colors and how they are made:

 Yellow Gold jewellery

1) Yellow gold: Yellow gold is the most common type of gold used in jewelry.
It should be noted, however, that although yellow is the natural color of gold, yellow gold is not the same as pure gold.
Since this metal is very soft, it is not suitable for jewelry making unless it is mixed with other metals to make it harder.
 White Gold Jewellery

2) White Gold: For gold to take a white color, it must be mixed with a white metal such as  manganese or palladium. Standard White gold is usually 14K of gold (58.5% purity) while the rest is divided as 21% copper, 7.84% zinc, and 12.73% palladium. and White gold can often be rhodium plated to give it a more shiny and white appearance.
 Rose Gold Jewellery

3) Rose, Pink, Red Gold: Gold can take these colors when mixed with copper. The more copper in the alloy, the darker the tone of red that will surface. A common rose gold alloy composition is 18K (75% gold) mixed with 25% copper while a 50/50 mix of gold (12K) with copper results in what we would call red gold.
 Green Gold Jewellery

5) Green Gold: Green gold, otherwise known as electrum, is a natural forming alloy which combines gold and silver. The greenish color varies depending on the exact mixture but back in the 73% gold, 27% silver
 Purple Gold Jewellery

6) Purple Gold: The purple color of this alloy is achieved by adding aluminum and pure gold together. Purple gold is, however, not very durable and can break easily because the compound is relatively brittle.
 Blue Gold Jewellery

7) Blue Gold: One way to produce blue gold is to mix indium with pure gold. Like purple gold, the resulting blue gold compound tends to be brittle.

8) Black Gold: A gold alloy can be turned black by using several methods. One way is to simply cover the surface of the piece with a black compound (such as black rhodium).

Care
Since gold is a natural element, it is affected by harsh chemicals such as chlorine or other cleaning products. We recommend that you remove your jewelry when using chemicals to reduce daily abrasions and prolong the luster. To clean gold jewelry, use a solution of warm water and detergent-free soap with a soft-bristled brush. When not worn, store your gold pieces in soft cloth bags or the original box to protect them from the elements of daily exposure.

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Zaamor Diamonds Blog: Gold Buying Guide: Different Types of Gold
Gold Buying Guide: Different Types of Gold
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Zaamor Diamonds Blog
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